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Eco Process Engineering System for composition of services to optimize product life cycle

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EPES Public Deliverables

New products benefit from cutting edge technologies, but the highest impact lies with upgrading existing products in operation, towards the “Long life Eco-products” concept. Traditional maintenance systems only focus on replacing worn out parts without a knowledgeable analysis of the upgrading possibilities that may arise from the concepts of sustainable development.

The new eco engineering system goes in fact far beyond traditional maintenance systems, incorporating knowledge coming from the environmental and social bottom lines. Continuous upgrading of industrial operating products has a very significant impact on several environmental aspects such as: energy consumption, wastage, and waste materials.

This document reviews state-of-the-art technologies needed to create the EPES service platform. This review will be used in the specification of the EPES concept to identify suitable ICT components and methods as candidates for the application to the EPES service platform development. For the creation of this document the EPES consortium RTDs, ICT vendors and industrial partners have carried out the investigation of information sources available in the literature, on the internet pages of the RTD organisations, ICT providers and industrial companies, as well as information on the current or recent research projects, dealing with topics relevant for the EPES objectives. All these activities were supported by the partners’ expertise in related areas. The document has following structure. Chapter 1 describes the purpose of this document, its position with respect to the whole EPES project and the approach applied for the state of the art analysis. In Chapter 2, the theories, general technologies and methods for building the EPES system are introduced; Product Service Systems, Virtual Collaborative Networks, Theory of Constraints, Data Modelling, Knowledge Management, Service Oriented Architecture, Modelling and Simulation Techniques, Decision making and Multi-Objective Optimisation. In Chapter 3, the methods and tools for sustainable intelligence are presented. Specific attention is paid for environmental sustainability. Chapter 4 describes methods and ICT Tools used in different life cycle phases; Product Engineering, Production Engineering, Manufacturing, Product Usage and Service and Product End-of-life Treatment. Chapter 5 shows relevant technologies from EPES Partners. Chapter 6 summarises the key findings.

This document presents in detail the concept developed for the envisaged EPES solution, comprising the individual modules of the EPES solution, the EPES reference architecture and the implementation plan. This concept document defines the relation to the state of the art at the beginning, where the identified gaps and EPES contributions in relevant areas are mentioned. EPES conceptual development is guided by a generic scenario obtained from analysing detailed requirements of three industrial application scenarios. This ensures industry relevant development of EPES methodology and services/modules as the requirements are directly derived from three different use cases and analysing the current state of the art. Based on these requirements, overall EPES reference architecture, features and functionality required for EPES solutions are derived. In the final part of this document, required implementation framework, plans for implementation and conclusions are drawn.

This document presents the EPES dissemination strategy and the collaboration plan with the FInES cluster. The main goal is to establish a solid approach to ensure that the dissemination objectives are successfully achieved and the synergies and complementarities with other FoF projects are conveniently exploited with the aim of achieving benefits, not only for the industrial partners, but also for the stakeholders and society, leveraging the impact of the ICT initiative. The dissemination strategy is expected to optimize dissemination of project results and findings to academic, RTD and industrial communities. The strategy covers the initial “awareness raising” phase and includes the dissemination objectives, the target audiences and initial dissemination plan

This document presents the FInES cluster activities carried on during the first 12 months of EPES project aimed to address the envisaged collaboration activities with other ICT projects from “FP7 – FoF Objective 7.3” under the responsibility of the former “Networked Enterprise and RFID” unit and/or “Converged Networks & Services” Directorate. This collaboration will exploit synergies between these projects and will increase the impact of the ICT initiative. The document constitutes an update of the public deliverable D700.4 Dissemination Strategy and FInES cluster Collaboration Plan due to month 6.

The EPES Methodology provides a general approach to create a Collaborative Space, select and standardize a business process and model the optimization services (i.e. EPES Service) that will support the optimization of this process. The general methodological approach, which can be applied to any generic Business Case (or Collaborative Space), involves the iteration throughout several steps that eventually build-up a Business Process Management (BPM) cycle. Each of the steps was designed to focus on the required tasks to dynamically compose EPES Services for supporting product operation and end-of-life cycle, focusing on achieving more sustainable management of products and services. This deliverable is addressed to the Industrial community aiming at the area of eco optimization.

This document presents the results of testing and assessing the integrated and refined EPES prototype within the three Business Cases. In order to ensure traceability, the functional testing was performed using test cases based on the use cases defined in the specifications. The users who used, tested and assessed the EPES system within the three business cases were overall satisfied with the functionality provided by the solution. Overall, several conclusions can be made based on the test and assessment concerning the acceptance and usability of the EPES system within the three business cases.

  • The EPES full prototype was well accepted by the users / operators
  • The users / operators found the system having some intelligence / awareness to understand what the monitored systems and machines were doing
  • Configuration of the system and the application scenarios allowed an easy installation and maintenance. It was not necessary to implement bigger changes in the existing IT infrastructure within the business cases
  • The users / operators highlighted the simplicity of using and integrating the EPES system into existing systems. From their point of view, there is no need to drastically change their usual workflow after integrating the EPES system

During the implementation as well as the test and assessment of the full prototype, several optimisation requests were documented by the users while testing and assessing the EPES system.

This document describes the integrated Full Prototype of the EPES solution in which the individual EPES SW modules have been integrated and optimised based on the users’ testing and feedback. The documentation is organised in three main groups, intended to show the generic character and applicability of the EPES solution to further business cases:

  • Generic part, describing the general technical documentation of the integrated EPES platform and of the individual modules; Virtual Collaborative Network Module (VCN), Service Generator Module (SGM), Decision Making Module (DMM) and Simulation Module (SM), together with generic guidelines for generating services using the solution
  • Business Case specific part, which shows how the EPES solution has been adapted for the specific needs of the three Business Cases, using the guidelines presented in the generic part
  • Application of the solution to new Business Cases, where the applicability of the EPES solution to new domains is presented in the form of examples for using EPES services in new business cases. The guidelines presented in the generic part are applied to show the general procedure of adapting the EPES solution to a new domain

The application of the EPES solution to the three Business Cases is described in detail for a less technical audience in deliverable Demonstrators (M42), which presents the EPES solution in BC1 TAM, BC2 NKT and BC3 EADS.

This document presents the results of the work developed under the work package Demonstrators. A brief description of the three business cases of EPES is provided, namely the demonstrators, which were used to validate the project’s results. In order to maximise the results achieved and attempting to multiply them, the companies involved in the three business cases are prepared to internally exploit this project results. Thus, the demonstrators presented in this document are paramount to the exploitation strategy, as they present a business-oriented perspective. The demonstrators, conceptualized and prepared by the EPES consortium as technological showcases, provide, not only an optimal way to communicate the project results to a wider audience, but also a framework from which to evolve EPES prototype into a successful commercial product.

Based on the technical and business metrics assessment provided by the industrial partners who participated in the creation of the demonstrators, it can be established that the features of the system realized in the integrated prototype have, by far, exceeded end-users’ needs and expectations. Furthermore, these functionalities are anticipated to open up new potentials regarding product, process and services (PPS) optimization and continuous improvement in the industry.

Furthermore, due to the approach followed by the EPES consortium to build a “one-size-fits-all” platform, which requires a sensible customization for its integration with the legacy systems of the companies, the EPES system is anticipated to be effortlessly adapted and applied to other sectors in addition to maintenance engineering, product monitoring, design and sustainability design for manufacturing.

The objective of the present document is to provide an overview of the work towards developing the training materials.

This document describes the collaboration activities carried out by EPES project consortium so as to foster collaboration and synergies with other FoF projects.

This document explains the actions planned to be undertaken by the EPES Consortium towards gathering recommendations for European policy makers and building a Policy Action Plan (PAP).

This document summarizes the project technical results, the potential impact of these results and the use and dissemination of foreground.

EPES Publications

The next chapter was published in the book entitled "Revolutionizing Enterprise Interoperability through Scientific Foundations", published by IGI Global in 2014. The approach introduced contributes to "Process Interoperability" scientific area identified by ENSEMBLE EISB State of the Play Report (D2.1), which was referenced in the chapter:

The next paper was published at the IFIP WG 5.7 International Conference, (APMS 2014), held in Ajaccio, France, on September 20th-24th, 2014:

  • Heilala J., Ruusu R., Montonen J., Vatanen S., Kavka C., Asnicar F., Armijo A., Scholze S., Insunza M (2014). Eco-Process Engineering System for Collaborative Product Process System Optimisation.

Abstract: Eco-Process engineering system (EPES) means systematic collaborative eco-efficiency and eco-innovation aspects in product service system (PSS) development and management, and covers all life-cycle phases. It is an ICT tool and related application methodology. The development focus on PSS from functional and cost performance is currently enhanced with sustainability aspects. The goal is to create more value with less environmental impact. In the virtual factories, extended enterprises, the collaboration between different stakeholders, engineers, managers, users of the PSS is a must and all actors in the value chain need a common goal. EPES system provides a collaborative space, covering common data and functionalities for knowledge management, multi-objective decision making, simulation and optimisation. Coordinated evolution (co-evolution) of products, processes and services creates competitive advantage. This paper shows a prototype of EPES system. The software building blocks of EPES system are illustrated as well methodology steps in setting up system and using it.

Keywords: product service system, life-cycle optimisation, collaborative space

The next paper was published at the 6th Swedish Production Symposium (SPS2014), held in Gothenburg, Sweden, from 16th to 18th of September 2014:

  • Heilala J., Ruusu R., Montonen J., Vatanen S., Bermell-Garcia P., Quintana Amate P., Iwhiwhu C., Kavka C., Asnicar F., Armijo A., Scholze S., Insunza M. (2014). Collaborative Product, Process and Service Development with Eco Process Engineering System. The sixth Swedish Production Symposium (SPS). September 16-18 2014, Clarion Hotel Post, Göteborg, Sweden. The Swedish Production Academy.

Abstract: The focus of engineering on achieving a superior product, processes and services from functional and economic factors is now shifting towards sustainable development. The aim is to provide customer business value and decrease environmental impacts. New easy to use tools are needed in the collaborative development of complex product-services. The EPES project carries out development to improve the sustainability performance of end-users products, operations and services. The Eco-Process Engineering System (EPES) provides a methodology and related ICT tools as a service for the development and management of product-services. This paper is an introduction to EPES system.

Keywords: Collaborative development, eco-efficiency, product service system

The next paper was published at the 5th Manufacturing Engineering Society International Conference (MESIC), held in Zaragoza, Spain, from 26th to 28th June, 2013. The paper of the conference was published as a special issue of Procedia Engineering by Elsevier. Procedia Engineering is an open access journal indexed in the Conference Proceedings Citation Index, an integrated index within Web of Science:

  • Mikel Sorli, Alberto Armijo, EPES: Engineering System for Optimization of Product Life-cycle through Adapted Eco-services, Procedia Engineering, Volume 63, 2013, Pages 310-317, ISSN 1877-7058,

The next paper was published in "Technological Innovation for the Internet of Things" book:

  • Sebastian Scholze, JosĂ© Barata, Oliver Kotte, Context Awareness for Self-adaptive and Highly Available Production Systems. Technological Innovation for the Internet of Things, Springer Berlin Heidelberg, p210-217, 2013

The next paper was published in KES IDT 2013, 5th International Conference on Intelligent Decision Technologies, Sesimbra Portugal, 2013:

  • S Scholze, O Kotte, D Stokic, C Grama, Context-sensitive decision support for improved sustainability of product lifecycle, KES IDT 2013, 5th International Conference on Intelligent Decision Technologies, Sesimbra Portugal, 2013

EPES Project participated in the Winter Simulation Conference 2012. The Winter Simulation Conference (WSC) is the premier international forum for disseminating recent advances in the field of system simulation.

  • Heilala, Juhani; Paju, Marja; Kiirikki, Janne; Ruusu, Reino; Montonen, Jari; Bermell-Garcia, Paolo; Astwood, Simon; Krishnamurthy, Kiran; Quintana-Amate, Santiago. 2012. Simulation with Sustainability Aspects in the Manufacturing System Concept Phase. Proceedings of the 2012 Winter Simulation Conference (editors S. Jain, R. Creasey, J. Himmelspach, K. P. White, and M.C. Fu), December 9-12, 2012, Berlin, Germany.

EPES Project participated in the International Conference on Advances in Production Management Systems (APMS) which is hosted at 24-26 September 2012 in Rodas. The aim of this session was to share concepts and ideas of promising methods and tools by industrial and academic stakeholders to improve production systems in terms of energy efficiency

  • Heilala, Juhani; Paju, Marja; Montonen, Jari; Ruusu, Reino; Sorli, Mikel; Armijo, Alberto; Bermell-Garcia, Pablo; Astwood, Simon; Quintana, Santiago. 2012. Discrete Part Manufacturing Energy Efficiency Improvements with Modelling and Simulation. Conference Proceeding of APMS 2012. International Conference on Advances in Production Management Systems (APMS). "Competitive Manufacturing for Innovative Products and Services", Rhodes, Greece, 24-26 September 2012. Athena Research and Innovation Center.


This project has received funding from the European Union’s Seventh Programme for research, technological development and demonstration under grant agreement No 285093